implementation of the bali roadmap
china’s position on the copenhagen climate change conference
may 20, 2009
climate change is one of the most serious challenges to humanity in the 21st century and a matter of human survival and the development of all countries, which requires cooperation and joint efforts by the international community. fully aware of the seriousness and urgency of climate change and with a deep sense of responsibility for the long-term development of mankind, china is firmly committed to sustainable development and has formulated and implemented its national climate change programme, taking a series of strong policies, measures and actions and making unremitting efforts and commendable contribution to addressing climate change. china will continue such policies, measures and actions. in the face of international financial crisis, china remains determined to take unrelenting efforts to address climate change.
as a party to the united nations framework convention on climate change (unfccc) and its kyoto protocol, china is always committed to have the unfccc and its kyoto protocol implemented and very serious about honoring commitments on its part. international negotiations are underway to give effect to the bali roadmap to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the unfccc and its kyoto protocol, aiming at reaching a positive outcome at the un climate change conference in copenhagen at the end of this year. china will continue to play an active and constructive role in such negotiations and hereby presents its position on the copenhagen climate conference implementing the bali roadmap.
1. the unfccc and itskyoto protocol as the basis and the mandate of the bali roadmap as the focus. the unfccc and its kyoto protocol constitute the basic framework and legal basis for international cooperation to address climate change, which embody the consensus of the international community and serve as the foundation governing the implementation of the bali roadmap. the bali roadmap affirms the mandate to enhance the implementation of the unfccc and its kyoto protocol, which is, on the one track, to secure the full, effective and sustained implementation of the unfccc by making corresponding arrangements in terms of mitigation, adaption, technology transfer and financial support and, on the other track, to determine further quantified emission reduction targets for developed countries for the second commitment period under the kyoto protocol.
2. the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. developed countries shall take responsibility for their historical cumulative emissions and current high per capita emissions to change their unsustainable way of life and to substantially reduce their emissions and, at the same time, to provide financial support and transfer technology to developing countries. developing countries will, in pursuing economic development and poverty eradication, take proactive measures to adapt to and mitigate climate change.
3. the principle of sustainable development. sustainable development is both the means and the end of effectively addressing climate change. within the overall framework of sustainable development, economic development, poverty eradication and climate protection should be considered in a holistic and integrated manner so as to reach a win-win solution and to ensure developing countries to secure their right to development.
4. mitigation, adaption, technology transfer and financial support on the same footing and as equal priorities. mitigation and adaption are integral components of combating climate change and should be given equal treatment. compared with mitigation that is an arduous task over a longer time horizon, the need for adaption is more real and urgent to developing countries. financing and technology are indispensible means to achieve mitigation and adaptation. the fulfillment of commitments by developed countries to provide financing, technology transfer and capacity building support to developing countries is a condition sine qua non for developing countries to effectively mitigate and adapt to climate change.
the objective of the copenhagen climate conference is to further enhance the full, effective and sustained implementation of the unfccc and its kyoto protocol and to reach positive outcome, focusing on making concrete arrangements for mitigation, adaptation, technology transfer and financial support:
1. to set deeper quantified emission reduction targets for developed countries for the second commitment period under the kyoto protocol, and to ensure comparability of quantified emission reduction commitments by developed countries that are parties to the kyoto protocol and that are not;
2. to establish effective institutional arrangements to ensure that developed countries are fulfilling their commitments to provide technology, financing and capacity building support to developing countries;
3. to enable developing countries to take nationally appropriate mitigation and adaptation actions, in the context of sustainable development, supported by technology, financing and capacity building from developed countries.